As against the wide belief that gardening itself is eco friendly, the fact is that it can also be a hazard for the environment if not done carefully. Even a slight carelessness each day will accumulate to a huge injustice towards the nature. But the same can be avoided with a little care and some smart steps. These environmentally friendly landscaping ideas apply for all levels of gardening, right from choosing the plants to trapping the pests. There are many not-so-popular ways to bring your garden closer to the nature than you could imagine.
Eco Friendly Green Landscaping & Organic gardening Ideas
- Start with go green landscaping, never plan to have a wider lawn. Lawns are lovely green to look at but come with high maintenance and over use of water and fertilizers. The use of chemicals are another matter altogether. The grass movers that are operated with gas can pollute the air. Moreover, lawns are of not much use to the wildlife and can affect the natural ecosystem. So keep the lawn to minimum and make use of other plants like bushes, shady trees, etc.
- Creating slopes in the lawn will help prevent soil erosion and water runoff. Having enough space in the walk way promotes the water infiltration. Wood decking, interlocking stones, and other porous items can also play part in water conservation.
- Soil comes next. Have your soil tested when planning for crop cultivation. Having a clear picture about the nutrient wealth of the soil will help you calculate and administer the proper nutrition to the plants. The excess nutrients added in the soil leaches into the water resources of the earth and pollute the water. if you know the soil nutrient value, you are free to add only as much nutrients as needed.
- As for the fertilizers, use them at the right time. Rainy day is not a good time for fertilizing. Use slow releasing fertilizers in the areas where there is sandy and loose soil so that the fertilizers do not pollute the water easily. A compost tea fertilizer is another eco friendly option. This may be smelly but has all the natural fertilizers in it.
- Choose plants that suit the climate than what you would love to have. The native plants would be much preferred for a simple garden. Choosing the plants that can repel the pests would also be a better idea. The plants that require less maintenance and lesser use of fertilizers or pesticides are the best you can do for nature.
- The garden maintenance can also be eco friendly. Use the lawn clippings for composting or as mulch. The nutrients from the plant cuttings can nourish the growing plants. The grass clippings can also be used to fill up the patches in the lawn to avoid soil erosion. The clippings also help to retain moisture in the soil.
- Mulching is a great way to preserve both soil and water. It retains water in the soil making it readily available for the plants. The evaporation rate of water from the soil is reduced and less water will be required every time. The mulch when decomposes form the nutrients required by the plants that reduced the use of fertilizers. The only thing to make sure that the mulch is free of any pests or diseases parts. Also, Cypress tree mulch is not suitable at all.
- While landscaping, do not cut the existing trees. Clean the base of the tree and spread mulch around that will prevent soil erosion and also make a good picture of the brown mulch in the middle of the green lawn or surrounded by other beautiful plants.
- Planting plants that can resist or repel the pest is a natural way against using pesticides. There are many such plants and they can co-exist with the other garden plants. Plant them at a regular distance from each other, in between the garden plants to have pest resistance all the time. There also are pest traps that can be made using natural ingredients, which when placed in the garden attracts the pets and bugs and get trapped in the liquid.
Environmentally friendly landscaping:
We often tend to forget how landscaping can impact the environment in the long run. While we wonder about how to make our home interiors look plush and cozy, it only takes a few minutes to figure out your garden. With proper planning and planting, you can actually give yourself nice shades during the summer and save much on air conditioner that spike up your energy bills. So leave an environmental footprint by implementing these five steps:
1. Native plants for your landscape:
Start with a bunch of native plants that will grow efficiently at your home. Since they are born and brought up at your area, they obviously require less maintenance and water when compared to exotic plants. These native plants naturally have a high resistance to rodents and pests and as a result requires less pesticides.
2. Shady trees to save huge energy bills:
Deciduous tress can really save your air conditioning bills. Deciduous tress are the ones that drop leaves during fall season. As they shed leaves they also allow warm sunlight during winters while shading you during hot climates. The best place to plant deciduous tress are east and west facing sides.
3. Evergreen trees:
Evergreen trees are one of the best if you want to feel the warmth during cold chilly climates. The best place is north and west sides of your home to cover the chilly winds. However, it is upto you to decide dominant wind direction in your area.
4. Environment friendly appliances:
There are gas powered mowers that saving not only your time but are also eco friendly and work good in saving on your energy bills. There are various models of mowers that can help you to cut down on your bills. Cordless non-polluting electric mower are considered best in the eco friendly technology.
5. Compost for plants:
Composting naturally occurs in the soil and recycles the nutrients in and out in the soil without wasting any of them. Use organic waste from your home such as fruit peels, grass clipping, dry/withered leaves, wooden ashes, etc. that will help in less waste, feeding good nutrients to the plants, reducing use of fertilizers, improving soil moisture retention etc. and many more.