Hydroponic Systems are available for the indoor as well as the outdoor. There are a number of indoor hydroponics systems available in the market. Many versions to it are also provided by the famous grow cabinets seller the SuperCloset.
Now these indoor hydroponic systems can be constructed by yourself easily at your home. These kind of systems are beneficial for those garden lovers who lack enough planting space. Another advantage of this system is that it makes use of water, sand, gravel or liquid for the plants to grow instead of soil.
How to build an Indoor Hydroponic System:
First and foremost you need to search for a container or tank that will serve the purpose of a reservoir for the indoor hydroponic system. The reservoirs should be light proof. So it is best to choose a container that is dark in color. Even if you get only a glass container don’t worry, because you can paint it black. This is mainly done so that the light is not leaked and the plants get ample lighting whenever and how much ever required. Measure out the dimension of the reservoir in order to get an idea on the number of plants to be grown. You do not need to paint the whole reservoir. You can leave some space at the top, so that you can see the water level and maintain it.
Styrofoam is the next product needed for the indoor hydroponic system. Once the dimensions of the reservoir are measured, the next step is to make the Styrofoam. The length, width and breadth of the Styrofoam should be cut in a way that it will fit the reservoir. Once the Styrofoam is ready, cut the holes for the pots to be kept. To get the exact measurement to cut, it’s advisable to place the pots on the Styrofoam and mark the edges of the pots with a pencil. Now using a cutter or knife dig in and carve out that hole. Apart from the pot holes, another small hole should be cut for the air line to pass. It is very much essential to leave ample space between each pot holes. You have to make sure that the plant gets enough space to grow and also get the right distribution of water, nutrient solution, lighting and heat.
Pump is used to provide oxygen to the plants. It helps in the process of oxygenating and deoxygenating. Buy the best quality pump suitable for your indoor hydroponic system. Even though it might seem costly initially, it will be durable thereby making it much more economical in the longer run.
4. Air line
Air line should be connected well enough to the pump and attached to the air stone at the other end. The air line makes sure that the air is pumped to the roots of the plants and to the reservoir. That is, it pumps oxygenated air to the plants and deoxygenated air back from it. The air line should complement the air pump you bought. When you are purchasing the air line, you must ensure that the air line fits in to the air pump. Also the capacity of your reservoir should be measured in advance. All this should be in order for the proper functioning of the indoor hydroponic system.
5. Nutrient Solution
Nutrient solution is a solution made from the mix of nutrients and water for the indoor hydroponic system. The roots of the plants are dipped in the nutrient solution well in order for the plants to absorb it. There are nutrients solution kit and recipes available at the market. Or you can just browse the net and jot the nutrients required by the plants mentioned in it. Buy those from the nearby gardening stores and pour and mix it with the water in the container.
6. Plant pots
The pots with the plants you want to grow should be made ready before you go through all of the above process. The number of pots depends upon the size of your container. You must also decide on the type of plants you want to grow in the indoor hydroponic system. Plants that grow healthier in water than soil are best preferred. Lettuce is one example. Only chose those kinds of plants that require the same amount of water, light, heat and so on. This would be more convenient for the gardener too as the maintenance and taking care of will be much easier.
Once you fix in all the above mentioned accessories, all you have to do is plug-in the pump and start working your indoor hydroponic system.