Indoor plant growing is a hobby as well as a necessary. When there is no space outside to grow plants, people are forced to set up indoor gardens. There are many types of indoor gardening like hydroponics grow system, aeroponics, superponics etc. From fully automated big grow boxes to cheap do-it-yourself grow rooms and simply planting in pots. Planting in pots will add style and décor but when someone is looking for farming then better to go for the automated grow boxes or cabinets.
Setting up an indoor growing system is one of the effective ways for you to grow indoors. When I say about indoor growing system, you might be confused as there are many types of indoor grow system available. Yes, and some of the indoor grow system includes Hydroponics, Superponics, Aeroponics and aquaponics etc. each of them are different in their purposes but the main function behind them is to help you grow indoors. Hydroponics and superponics are the most popularly used indoor grow systems. The main advantage of setting up indoor growing system is that the plants grown in these way get a continuous supply of nutrients and thus grow faster and stronger than traditional growing system. Indoor grow system is basically designed for people who have very less outdoor space and are hardcore lovers of gardening. Why people love indoor growing system is that it eliminates the work involved in watering, fertilizing, pest control. By this you save time and produce fresh and rich plants. As I mentioned above Superponics and hydroponics are the most popularly used indoor grow systems that you can easily set up in your indoors. Lets see what superponics and hydroponics are.
The right choice for setting up an indoor growing system depends on the space availability. When there is very less space then, better to opt for the smaller indoor growing system but bigger yielding grow systems. The indoor growing system works on hydroponics technique. There are many types of easy to set up hydroponics systems. The simplest way is to convert a container or bucket into a water reservoir for the hydroponics. The selected container or bucket can be connected to a small aquarium pump or a larger pump if needed. This will pump the water to the tray in which the plants will be growing.
In hydroponic indoor growing system, plants are grown in a water medium and the nutrients are dissolved in water and plants use rock wool, pebbles, or other materials as substrate. The substrates are filled in a cup and are placed in the holes made up to hold them. There will be space for the roots to grow, depending on the depth of the container. This will allow aeration and smooth root penetration. The roots grow towards the water reservoir below. The water pump will raise the water upwards and the root system will be immersed in it for a while and later the water level recedes.
The nutrients are mixed in this water and are readily dissolved. When the water reaches the root system, it will absorb the nutrients. The nutrient level of the water must be monitored and it is added whenever required in the necessary amount. pH level of the water is also maintained for better growth. There are many ready made decorative hydroponics systems available. But since it is not any rocket science one can create indoor garden horizontally or vertically at home.
The vertical hydroponics system is space saving. This will allow the plants to grow in vertical rows and since the plants grow towards the light it is not necessary to grow upwards and all the plants will have equal space to grow in. The watering method here will be aeroponics. The water is supplied to the root system as watery mist that is rich in nutrients. The mist is supplied at regular intervals so that the roots are constantly moistened. Vertical flower garden is an attraction for any building.
Superponics is an advanced fusion of hydroponic grow system. Going for Superponics will give you the perfectly balanced environment for your plants to grow. With superponic indoor growing system you get a safe and secured environment that is fully automated, properly ventilated and temperature controlled. You can also get rid of the bad smell that comes in addition. Each system includes everything you need , including the minute detailing about gardening that you would never had thought of. A complete kit is available for setting up an indoor growing system which includes adjustable SuperCool Lumatek digital, dimmable lighting system that is professionally air cooled, an adjustable circulation fan, nutrient and grow support. What more do you want? Come lets have a try for superponics and enjoy the pleasure of gardening indoors.
How can we set up hydroponics gardening?
Hydroponics gardening is not as complicated as it sounds. It is the best used indoor growing system by gardeners as it saves time and avoids in getting messed with soil and dirt. It may require the initial effort that any form of gardening requires, but actually it is a lot easier to maintain and set up. It does not use the traditional method of growing in soil, adding the fertilizers, manure, etc, but uses a separate medium altogether and a few different techniques. Some of the mediums used in hydroponics are fiberglass, fired clay balls, nutrient solution or nothing at all.
The easiest method of starting with hydroponics would be of buying a kit. These kits come with everything you think you require and everything you had no idea you required to start with growing plants. There are single cabinets with accessories that make the process very easy. The only problem with kits is their cost although, in the long run, it is not a problem at all. You could also construct a hydroponics system of you own.
- Step 1: Decide the plant you want to grow: whether you want to start with saplings or seeds. Also decide how many plants you want to grow so that you can plan the rows and columns in the system.
- Step 2: Light is an important factor. You would need to expose the plants to at least 4 or 6 hours of direct sunlight and then some very bright light for other times and a few hours of darkness as well. If you do not have direct sunlight, do not consider growing tomatoes and beans, fluorescent lights would do for most other plants.
- Step 3: A fan is required for proper air circulation to prevent molds, fungi and bugs.
- Step 4: The atmosphere must be controlled by you. You may need heating or air conditioning to create a proper atmosphere. Find out more about the temperature requirements of the plants you plan to grow.
- Step 5: On a board, 4 inch holes can be spaced and cut out and pots kept in them.
- Step 6: Choose a medium. Nutrient film technique uses a thin layer of nutrient solution over the roots which is the commonly used technique in professional kits. Ebb and flow is a method in which the system is flooded and then drained. Sometimes the plants are suspended in mid air and the roots are sprayed with the nutrient solution. Drip systems use micro tubes to get the water and nutrients to the plants. Bubble systems involves keeping the containers filled with medium just above the nutrient solution level and the solution is well aerated. When bubbles pop, the medium is kept moist.
These steps are enough to get you started with hydroponics. You can check out more about them specific to your climatic conditions and the plants you would like to grow.
Small Hydroponic Grow Systems
Small hydroponics indoor growing systems can be used if you have limited space indoors or would like to grow just a few plants. They could use any of the hydroponics methods, like NFT, hard clay, top feed, bottom feed, etc. It does not need soil like the other methods of growing and is a very easy process. You could build your own indoor growing system quite easily or get a kit from SuperCloset which has everything you would need to grow plants in a small area.
Steps involved in setting up and using a small hydroponics system
- A reservoir of water is required in any system. This is required to draw water and to return the water. In a small system, fewer number of gullies would do. A full circle of the water can be obtained from this.
- A water pump can be installed to pull the water from the reservoir. You could also let gravity do the trick by keeping one end of the pipe higer than the other.
- If your building it yourself, get a proper design for your small hydroponics system and get scraps of wood, screws, PVCs and other tools to build it.
- You could also use plastic cups to hold the solution medium and the plants. Expanded clay balls are good mediums.
- You may have to buy the hydroponics nutrient solutions separately.
- If you just plan to get a small SuperCloset grow closet which uses an automated hydroponics system, you have everything included that you thought you needed for this, plus some more. It may cost more than building the system yourself, but the results are worth it and they are extremely durable.
What you have to do if you get this grow closet:
- Change the water in the water reservoir every 1 or 2 weeks.
- Use the mineral nutrients that come with the order.
- Adjust the pH levels in the solution
- Harvest your crops when they are ready.
- It’s just that easy.
The small hydroponics system from SuperCloset uses a combination of full spectrum lighting systems, activated carbon scrubbers, fully automated superponics system using top feed, deep water culture, bubble and aeroponics, adjustable internal circulation fan, reflective panels for light distribution, etc for proper plant growth.
They also provide a DVD and growing tips. There is a 3 year warranty attached to the system.
Hydroponics Systems for Home
Hydroponics Systems is growing plants without soil. Any medium that provides support to plant and the nutrients are reached through running water or from water mist hydroponics. The plants need nutrients and not soil. Soil is just a medium for plants to get nutrients. The needed nutrients are added to the water and the plants are satisfied. This hydroponics system for home adopts this system of plant growing to grow a small herb garden or one or two crops at home.
The main advantage of hydroponics indoor growing system for home is that the plants may be placed anywhere. It can be kept inside or outside. A beautifully designed hydroponics kept in the patio makes the place more stylish. The hydroponics system can be placed anywhere or created anywhere. It can be made on the walls, over the fence, in a garden, inside the home in a corner or in kitchen itself.
The hydroponics systems for home can be home made with some necessary items. The main item is to have a box or bottle or a container where the plants would grow. It must be added with some root supporting material. There must a constant water flow mechanism, a scale to read the water level and some provision for aeration. A small aquarium pump can serve the purpose of water pump and if the system is placed on a slating tray, the extra water can be collected back into the water reservoir and the pump will take the water back into the system. Light is provided by the sun and the temperature variations may be adjusted with the cooling or heating systems at home. The nutrient package is readily available in the market and need to be added just in the right amount into the water system.
The important thing to note is that the manual or semi automatic hydroponics system for home is not a bigger solution for growing plants in large scale. It just makes the gardening a bit more easy and comfortable than doing it under normal environment and conditions. Hydroponics system makes it easier to clean the system and the fruits or leaves since there is no use of soil. And this is why people love to go for indoor growing system. It is advisable to start with small plants like a herb garden and then try them at a larger or wider scale after gaining more experience. The non-automated hydroponics systems for home may be time consuming and require more attention in the beginning but can become easy after some time.
Reviews of indoor Growing system
When coming to the reviews part, I would like to give a honest reply about Indoor growing system. So for that, it is better that we understand the pros and cons of indoor growing system.
What I felt about setting up indoor growing system is that it is time saving process with less work. When you go for soil gardening, you end up planting more and more than you expected with all dust and dirt. Because gardening is something that you would love to do on when you are at home. But when it comes to indoor growing system, you don’t have to get messed up with the soil and dirt. Also, there wont be any bacteria that hinder the growth of your veggies. Under indoor growing system, no soil factor is involved. There is no such tilling or planting process. Another thing that I liked in indoor growing system is that we can have the full control over every aspect of gardening. We can control the lighting, ventilation, moisture and nutrient content level. This implies that if you properly take care of your plants and make the proper adjustment of every aspects, then your veggies will grow more giving higher yields with zero bacteria and poisons.
Moving on to cons, setting up an indoor growing system is a bit expensive compared to traditional soil gardening. Initial costs will be a bit higher for setting up the system and then the maintenance cost will also be a factor, as you need to control the lighting and ventilation. As I earlier mentioned that indoor growing system saves your time , but it makes you pay constant attention to the system than you would to plants growing outdoors as you need to check your pH level, change the nutrients, adjust the lighting and ventilation. Because if the lighting is given more than its required, it hinders the growth of your plants.