Gardens are beautiful to look at and add beauty to any home or building. At the same time, a garden can also contribute to water pollution and indulge in more water usage. Gardening also should be saving and caring towards the nature. It should save water for the nature and also care for the nature by not polluting the environment with the over dose of fertilizers that eventually strip the natural soil off its nutrients. The improper handling of the plants can also lead to spread of many diseases that affect the plants as well as us human beings. Here are a few points that we need to keep in mind when doing gardening of any scale in our back yard.
Ways to save water in the garden – water saving garden ideas
The land surface: The over use of cement and concrete will only allow the water to run off from the land. There is less water preservation in the area and over the period of time there will be water scarcity. If you can avoid the cement and concrete slabs on the walk way, make maximum use of the lawn, gravel and other porous materials. All these items will allow the rain water or water from other sources to go down from where it falls. It will also prevent water runoff and soil erosion. Preserve water from the rainfall and set up the garden at a lower elevation than the land. The lower elevation allows the water to go down into the garden and benefit the plants. The same water will also go down into the earth.
Water saving devices for the garden and Native Plants to save Water
Opt for native plants: f you are concerned about just setting up a garden and are not choosy about the plants in it, it is better to go for planting the native plants. These plants are better adapted to the conditions and have better chance at surviving the extreme conditions the area might suffer. Whether it is drought, heavy downpour or the extreme cold, the native plants can do better than foreign plants. They also need less maintenance. Also, using natural fertilizers and compost will enrich the soil and does not impose chemicals in it. The natural fertilizers will also help retain moisture in the soil and does not allow easy drying. It is another way of reducing the landfill and helping the environment.
Water saving garden products to Avoid Over Watering
Avoid over watering: We may not notice but the water we spend on watering the plants is humungous. The amount of wastage for this purpose is what making it huge. The plants do need water but they need not be drenched all around. Careful watering can make way to preserve more amount of water. While watering, focus on watering the plants than the entire area or the walk ways. Sprinkler water uses more water than hand watering. Sprinkler also leads to over water the plants and the lawn which is not good for them. it also leaches the fertilizers from the soil and affect the plants in another way. Presence of more water increases the evaporation and might lead to drying of the plants unnecessarily. This is one of the main reasons why hydroponics method is much preferable than traditional gardening.
Water conservation in the yard and garden:
1. Less watering plants:
There are many plants, shrubs that require less water and can withstand drought for a while. There are many species that thrive with less watering than other plants. Native plants work well when compared to herbaceous perennial borders. They also consume less water when compared to others since they are adapted to the current environment and its hovering diseases. This will increase the immunity of the plants to their benefit.
2. Mulch for the trees:
A few inches of mulch can tone down the evaporating rate of the moisture thereby inhibiting growth of weed. Just 2-4 inches of organic material such as compost, bark mulch etc. that has the power to retain moisture.
You can position your sprinklers in such as way that the water lands on the garden or lawn and not on paved spaces. Another thing to note is to avoid watering plants during windy climates and to water the lawn only when required. This is because most lawns need only about 1″ of water a week.
4. Soak the lawn:
When you are watering your lawn, make sure you soak down the roots where the benefits arise. Sprinkling lightly won’t benefit much as they tend to evaporate quickly. You can check by keeping an empty tuna can on your lawn. Once it is filled it means that the water is suffice and more than enough for your lawn.
5. When to water your plants:
The best time to water your plants is during early morning since it prevents growth of bacteria or other diseases. Early watering, late watering can reduce evaporation of water and stands as a defence mechanism against pests. Do not water the plants during windy climate as it can speed evaporation.
6. Organic products:
Organic material such as compost, fertilizers etc. can actually increase the absorption and water retention. You can even save good amount of water and divert to plants and shrubs by using soaker hoses, rain barrel water system, drip irrigation system etc. Moreover make sure NOT to over water your plants as it can cause yellowing and hinder plant growth.
ways to save water pollution